स्वस्थ्य एवं संतुलित भारत के प्रयास में भागिदार बनें। अपने शरीर को एवं उसकी आवश्यकतओं को संतुलित दृष्टि से समझें। दाम्पत्य जीवन रुमानी बनाएं एवं यौन रोगों से बचें। अपने रुची का परिवार नियोजन विधि अपनाकर देश का साथ दें।
 
 

Reproductive systems in Females

 

What is the reproductive system in females like?

The reproductive system in females consists of outer (external genitals) and inner structures. The outer structures include vulva and vagina. The inner structures consist of the uterus, ovaries and cervix.

 
 
 

What are the salient features of the outer structures?


The outer structures include the vulva and vagina. The vulva is the external visible portion while the vagina is a muscular tube that connects the uterus and cervix  to the outside of the body. The vagina allows for the flow of menstrual blood and for sexual intercourse, and is the passageway through which a baby is born.


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What are the salient features of the inner structures?


The inner structures consist of the uterus, ovaries and cervix. The uterus commonly referred to as the womb, is a hollow muscular organ located in the lower abdomen. The main function of the uterus is to nourish the developing baby prior to birth. The cervix is the lower end of the uterus. It is located at the top of the vagina and is about one inch long. The cervix allows for flow of menstrual blood and passage of the baby from the uterus during delivery. It also provides a passage way for the sperms to move up from the vagina towards the ovaries. The ovaries are organs which produce the ovum or egg and are located at the tubal ends (also known as fallopian tubes) of the uterus.
 

What is the reproductive system in males like?


The reproductive system in males consists of outer visible structures which include the penis and scrotum and inner structures which include testes, vas deferens, prostrate, epididymis and seminal vesicles.
 

What are the salient features of the outer structures?


The penis is the male organ used for urination and sexual intercourse. It is made of spongy tissue and blood vessels. The scrotum consists of a pair of outer sacs located on both sides of the penis which contain the testes.
 

What are the salient features of the inner structures?


The inner structures include testes, vas deferens, epididymis and seminal vesicles. The testes are two egg-shaped male reproductive organs located in scrotum. They produce sperm and the male hormone, testosterone. The sperms are stored in the epididymis till they attain complete maturation. The vas deferens is tubes which carry the sperm to the seminal vesicles, where the sperms are stored before being released into the opening of the penis for ejaculation. The prostrate is a sex gland in men. It is about the size of a walnut, and surrounds the neck of the bladder and urethra - the tube that carries urine from the bladder. The prostate gland secretes a slightly alkaline fluid that forms part of the seminal fluid, a fluid that carries sperm.

Inner structures of Vagaina

Side view of the female internal reproductive system

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