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Male Condom

 

What is a male condom?

A male condom is a sheath made to fit over a man’s erect penis.

What material is a condom made of ?

Most condoms are made of latex rubber.

 
 
 

What are the advantages in using a condom?

Using a condom may have the following advantages:

(I) Condoms are one of the most reliable methods of birth control when use properly and consistently.

(ii) Condoms are user friendly. With a little practice, they can also add confidence to the enjoyment of sex.

(iii) Condoms are only needed when you are having sex unlike some other contraceptives which require you to take or have them all of the time.

(iv) Condoms are the only contraceptive that also helps prevent the spread of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) including HIV when used properly and consistently.

(v) Can be used by men of any age.

(vi) Usually easy to obtain and sold at most places.

What are the disadvantages of using a condom?

The disadvantages of using a condom are as follows: (i) May cause itching for a few people who are allergic to latex.(ii) There is a small possibility that the condom might slip off or break during sexual intercourse. (iii) If used with oil based lubricants such as vaseline or oil, condoms can go weak and break.What is the effectiveness of a condom in protection against pregnancy?If the partners of 100 women start using condoms, coreectly and consistently, there are 3 pregnancies per 100 women in the first year of use. With irregular or inconsistent use, there is a likelihood of 14 of these women getting pregnant in the first  year of use of condoms.

What could be the possible reasons for incorrect or improper usage?

Improper or incorrect usage may result due to reasons such as- wearing the condom before complete erction, not wearing the condom upto the shaft etc.

What is the technique of correct usage of a condom?

The technique of correct usage of a condom is as follows:

(i) Make sure the package and condom appear to be in good condition, and check that if there is an expiry date that the date has not passed.

(ii) Open the condom package at one corner being careful not to tear the condom with your fingernails, your teeth, or  by being too rough.

(iii) Place the rolled condom over the tip of the hard penis.

(iv) Roll the condom all the way down to the base of the penis, and smooth out any air bubbles. (Air bubbles can cause a condom to break).

(v) Leave a space of atleast half an inch at the tip of the condom for the semen to accumulate.

(vi) If you want to use some extra lubrication, put it on the outside of the condom. But always use a water-based lubricant (such as KY Jelly -  available at all leading chemist shops). Do not use an an oil-based lubricant such as vaseline /baby oil/coconut oil  since  will cause the latex to break.

What is to be done if  the condom does not unroll?

The condom should unroll smoothly and easily from the rim on the outside. If you have to struggle or if it takes more than a few seconds, it probably means that you are trying to put the condom on upside down. To take off the condom, don't try to roll it back up. Hold it near the rim and slide it off. Then start again with a new condom.

When  should the condom be removed ?

Pull out before the penis softens, and hold the condom against the base of the penis while you pull out, so that the semen doesn't spill.

How should a condom be disposed?

Condom should be disposed properly for example wrapping it in a paper or  tissue and throwing it away. It's not good to flush condoms down the toilet – as they are non biodegradable and can block the sewer drain.

What should be done if the condom breaks during intercourse?

If a condom breaks during sexual intercourse, then pull out quickly and replace the condom. Whilst you are having sex, check the condom from time to time, to make sure it hasn't split or slipped off. If the condom has broken and you feel that semen has come out of the condom during sex, you should consider getting emergency contraception such as the morning after pill.

Are two condoms more effective than one?

Don't use two condoms at once, the latex rubbing against each other may cause the latex to tear.

some tips for caring for condoms

1. Condoms should be stored in a cool dark place if possible.
2. Avoid exposure of the condom to excessive heat, light and humidity.
3. Handle condoms carefully. Fingernails and rings can damage condoms.
4. Do not unroll condom befor use, this may weaken them.also an unrolled condom is difficult to put on.

What is to be done if a condom or lubricant causes itching or rash on genitals.

If  condom or lubricant causes itching or rash on genitals, the following may be done:

(i) Try using water as a lubricant.

(ii) Consult a doctor to rule out itching or allergy.

What is to be done if a man cannot maintain an erection while putting on or using a condom?

In such a case, the following may be done:

(i) Try using a dry condom without spermicide.

(ii) Female partner can be asked to try putting on the condom for the man, which would help to make its use more enjoyable.

(iii) An extra amount of water or water based lubricant such as KY jelly may be used on the penis and extra lubricant on the outside.

Method of Sexual Intercourse

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