स्वस्थ्य एवं संतुलित भारत के प्रयास में भागिदार बनें। अपने शरीर को एवं उसकी आवश्यकतओं को संतुलित दृष्टि से समझें। दाम्पत्य जीवन रुमानी बनाएं एवं यौन रोगों से बचें। अपने रुची का परिवार नियोजन विधि अपनाकर देश का साथ दें।
 
 

Cervical Cancer

 

Who are the women who are at risk of getting cervical cancer?

Women who are at risk of getting cervical cancer are those who (i) have Multiple sexual partners (ii) started sexual intercourse early in life –during teens or early twenties (iii) women with history of genital warts or chronic sexually transmitted infections.

 
 
 

What are symptoms of cervical cancer?

In the initial stages, cervical cancer does not produce symptoms, Symptoms are produced when the cancer cells start invading nearby tissues. The most common symptom is abnormal bleeding. Bleeding may start and stop between regular menstrual periods, or it may occur after sexual intercourse. Menstrual bleeding may last longer and be heavier than usual. Increased vaginal discharge is another symptom of cervical cancer. These symptoms may be caused by cancer or by other health problems. Only a doctor can tell for sure. It is important for a woman to see her doctor if she is having any of these symptoms.

Can cervical cancer be prevented?

Yes, cervical cancer can be prevented by  early detection of changes in the cervix by means of  getting  a regular cervical smear or Pap smear test done.

 

 What is a Cervical smear or Pap smear test?

A smear test is a simple examination to check the health of a woman’s cervix. It is called a smear test (or Pap smear) because the doctor or nurse takes a small sample of cervical cells and smears them onto a glass slide to be analysed under a microscope.

 

 Who should have a smear test?

All sexually active women should get a cervical smear test done every 3 to 5 years.

 

 Is there any need for a non sexually active woman to get her smear test done?

Cervical cancer is extremely rare in women who have never been sexually active, therefore most recommendations suggest women don’t need to have smears until they’ve had sex.

 

 How is a Pap smear done?

A warmed speculum is passed into the vagina to separate the walls so the  doctor can see your cervix. A wooden spatula (thinner than a tongue depressor) is wiped across the cervix, and the smear is transferred to a glass slide.

 

 When is the best time to get a smear done?

The best time to get a smear done is between the middle of your menstrual cycle – about half way between one period and the next. It’s easiest to get a good cell sample from your cervix at this time.

 

 Is  any  vaccine available for protection against cervical cancer?

Yes, a vaccine (HPV Vaccine)  is now available which protects against a virus known as Human Papilloma virus which is responsible for causing 70 % of cervical cancers

 

 Who should receive the HPV vaccine?

The vaccine  is for girls and women ages 9 to 26. It  works when given before one  has any contact with virus.

 

How is HPV Vaccine administered?

The vaccine is administered as 3 injections given over a span of 3 months.

 

What are its side effects?

It can cause pain, swelling, itching, and redness at the injection site, fever, nausea, and dizziness.

 

Does the vaccine protect everyone who is vaccinated against cervical cancer?

The vaccine may not fully protect everyone and does not prevent all types of cervical cancer, so it is important to continue regular cervical cancer screenings.

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