स्वस्थ्य एवं संतुलित भारत के प्रयास में भागिदार बनें। अपने शरीर को एवं उसकी आवश्यकतओं को संतुलित दृष्टि से समझें। दाम्पत्य जीवन रुमानी बनाएं एवं यौन रोगों से बचें। अपने रुची का परिवार नियोजन विधि अपनाकर देश का साथ दें।
 
 

BREAST LUMPS

 

What are causes of breast lumps?

There are many causes of breast lumps. Some of these causes are harmless, while others can be painful and/or dangerous. Causes of breast lumps include infections, injuries, non-cancerous growths, and cancer.

 
 
 

What are the causes of non-cancerous breast growths?

Non-cancerous breast growths include:

(i) Fibroadenoma

(ii) Breast cysts

(iii) Fibrocystic disease.

Can teenage girls get breast cancer?

Yes, however, breast cancer is rare during adolescence. On the other hand, breast lumps are common at this time of life.

What are the  common causes of breast lumps in adolesence?

Breast lumps that are common in adolescence are  as follows: (i) Cysts: They often enlarge and become tender and painful just before the menstrual period and may seem to appear overnight.Cysts are the most common reason for breast lumps in teenagers. Cysts are rarely cancerous. (ii) Fibroadenomas: Fibroadenomas are solid, smooth, firm, benign lumps that commonly occur  in women in their late teens and early twenties. They are the second most common benign lumps that occur in women and can occur in women of any age.

What is the commonest cause of breast pain in non breastfeeding women?

Fibrocystic breast disease is the commonest cause of painful breasts in non- breastfeeding women. Fibrocystic breasts is a benign condition which should not be confused with breast cancer.

Which women are more likely to develop fibrocystic breast condition?

Fibrocystic breast condition is said to primarily affect women age 30 and older.

Is it normal for there to be discharge coming out of the breasts?

If the discharge is bloody or pus-like, it may indicate one of the rare serious conditions like an infection or tumor. For this, it is necessary that a doctor be consulted.

How can a woman be certain that a lump is not cancer?

There only one way to be certain that a lump is not cancerous is to have a tissue sampling (biopsy). There are several ways to do the biopsy. Sometimes, a fine needle aspiration (FNA) is done. FNA is like a blood test in that a needle is inserted and fluid is withdrawn. To determine the correct location to sample, the lump can either be felt, or if it cannot be felt, the FNA may be done during an ultrasound or mammogram.

What are the risk factors for breast cancer?

A risk factor is something that may increase the chance of developing a   disease. Studies have found the following risk factors for breast cancer: (i)   Breast cancer is common in older women and is more common after 60 years of age. (ii) A woman who had breast cancer in one breast has an increased risk of getting cancer in her other breast. (iii) A woman's risk of breast cancer is higher if her mother, sister, or daughter had breast cancer (iv) Women who had their first menstrual period before age 12 are at an increased risk . (v) Women who never had children (vi) Women who are physically inactive throughout life.(vii)Overweight and consumption of high fat diet.

What steps may be taken  to detect early presence of a lump?

It is important that women (i) perform regular breast self-examinations (ii) Undergo mammogram .

How is Breast Self Examination performed?

Breast Self Examination includes five steps:
Step 1: Begin by looking at your breasts in the mirror with your shoulders straight and your arms on your hips. Here's what you should look for: (i)Breasts that are their usual size, shape, and color (ii) Breasts that are evenly shaped without visible distortion or swelling. If you see any of the following changes, bring them to your doctor's attention: (i) Dimpling, puckering, or bulging of the skin.(ii) A nipple that has changed position or an inverted nipple (pushed inward instead of sticking out). (iii) Redness, soreness, rash, or swelling.
Step 2: Now, raise your arms and look for the same changes.
Step 3: While you're at the mirror, gently squeeze each nipple between your finger and thumb and check for nipple discharge (this could be a milky or yellow fluid or blood).
Step 4: Next, feel your breasts while lying down, using your right hand to feel your left breast and then your left hand to feel your right breast. Use a firm, smooth touch with the first few fingers of your hand, keeping the fingers flat and together.
Step 5: Finally, feel your breasts while you are standing or sitting. Cover your entire breast, using the same hand movements described in Step 4.


What  is mammogram?

Mammogram is a radio diagnostic method which  can often show a breast lump before it can be felt.

How are breast lumps caused due to infection?

Infections of the breast are especially common in women who are breastfeeding a baby . When the skin of the nipple  is injured or cracked, such as occurs with nursing, bacteria can enter the wound and cause infections, resulting in the formation of an abscess (deep pocket of pus) or infection of the overlying skin resulting in redness.

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